AQA GCSE “Belief in Angels is the most important of the 6 articles of faith”. Assess this view. (12 marks)

Colour Code:

  • Blue – Your argument 
  • Red – Argument against 
  • Purple – Response

In the religion of Islam Angels are considered to be made of light, are subservient to human beings, have no free will and therefore act exactly as Allah commands them to.

In response against the statement, it can be claimed that Tawhid (the oneness of God) should be considered the most important article of faith. The Shahada states that “there is no God but God” and this declaration of faith threads throughout the rest of the religion. This makes sense of Allah “The Creator”, because according to Islam, for the universe to be created there must have been a unified, necessary being which caused all things. This creates order to the life of a Muslim since Allah has made everything with purpose. It then becomes the role of a Muslim as a temporal, imperfect person, to submit themselves to the one perfect being. Consequentially, Tawhid must be the most important article of faith.

However, one could argue that Angels hold a certain importance required for Islam to be complete. Islamic tradition states that the Angel Jibril revealed the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad over the course of 22 years. Since Jibril was willed by Allah to do this it must have been the only way possible to give the message to the Prophet. The Angel can be seen as a mediator between a transcendent God and His creation.  Angels also have important roles in Islamic beliefs of Judgment and Prophethood.

Nevertheless, belief in Angels does not appear to be the most important because while they facilitate other areas of the faith they are not the focus of the faith itself. It is Allah’s judgement that is important not the Angels that deliver the book of deeds, and it is God’s message to Muhammad which is important not the fact that Jibril delivered it.

In conclusion, while an important belief, it seems clear that Angels cannot be considered the most important article of faith because the focus must be on Allah the one eternal God.

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