- Blue – Your argument
- Red – Argument against
- Purple – Response
All Muslims believe that because of Allah’s judgement, there will be everlasting paradise or punishment depending on how we have lived our lives. This eternal life is known as Akhirah.
On the one hand, Muslims believe that Allah is just. This justice links directly with their understanding of the afterlife, leading them to have faith that following the law set forth in the Qur’an will be met with the reward of paradise. If there is no afterlife then, arguably, the entire Islamic faith must be brought into question. Without any true justice there would be no requirement to behave the way Muslims would say is best for humans to behave. Instead you could adopt another code of conduct or perhaps make no efforts to treat others fairly at all.
On the other hand, while Islam requires Allah to truly mean anything, it still requires faith and good intention. Some Muslims could argue that to simply act in accordance with the Qur’an to be rewarded with the gift of Jannah is not good enough. To act morally and to practice the Five Pillars, should be done to worship Allah, not for your own personal gain and therefore a Muslim should still see the point of living a good life.
Conversely, the entire doctrine of Akhirah relies upon the accuracy of the Qur’an. The Qur’an, like other Holy texts, could be brought into question when one considers the empirical proof of revelations. The Philosopher David Hume proposed that all religions claim certain miracles as their basis for faith yet reject the miracles of others. It could then be asserted it is more likely that all of these events are false rather than positing a belief that the revelation of the Qur’an is one of the true miracles. With regards to the question; if the entire Qur’an is established from unproven miracles claims, the passages on the afterlife and being good Muslims could be rejected in the same way many Muslims would reject specific teaching from Buddhism or Hinduism.
To conclude, if life after death was ruled out, many of the articles of faith would also be brought into question. This could suggested it reasonable to reject the rules outlined in the Islamic faith.