AQA GCSE “The Qur’an is the most important source of authority in Islam.” Evaluate this statement. (12 marks)

Colour Code:

  • Blue – Your argument 
  • Red – Argument against 
  • Purple – Response

The Qur’an is believed to be the revelation of God to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) over the time span of 22 years. It is considered to be one of the main sources of authority for Muslims, meaning it gives direction to their beliefs and practices.

Firstly, the Qur’an can be argued to be the most important source of authority in Islam because it is believed to be an infallible source of Allah’s wisdom. Muslims believe that, because Allah’s is omniscient (all-knowing), any revelation perfectly given could not possibly have fault. In the Qur’an itself (2:2) it says: “This is the Scripture in which there is no doubt, containing guidance for those who are mindful of God.” As a source of authority then, it must be considered in extremely high regard. Nowhere else can Muslims receive Allah’s world as clearly as in the Arabic translations of the Qur’an; for any human could make mistakes. Muslims do not believe Allah is capable of the same.

On the other hand, the Prophet Muhammed could be seen to be a more important source of authority himself. Muslim’s look to the practices and sayings of Muhammed with respect, with many customs being set by his examples. The teachings and practices of Muhammed in the Hadith are still used as a source of Islamic (Sharia) law. An important example of this is the wearing of the Hijab for Muslim women. It is up to debate with how clear the Qur’an is on the wearing of the Hijab, yet many Muslims believe that this is something that Muhammed encouraged with his own wives.

However, the issue with following the Prophet in this way is that not everyone can agree on the validity of the teachings. This causes conflict between different people who believe to be following Islam in the right way. The Qur’an as a source of authority must then be more important for the reasons stated before.

To conclude, the Qur’an is arguably the most important source of authority in the entire of Islam. The Prophet Muhammed’s authority comes from a connection with Allah and his receiving of the revelation through Jibril. To be a Muslim means to submit fully to Allah not any person, no matter how important they might be.

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