“Evolution provides the best explanation for how human life has developed.” Evaluate this statement. (12 marks).

Colour Code:

  • Blue – Your argument 
  • Red – Argument against 
  • Purple – Response

Evolution is the scientific theory, originally developed by Charles Darwin, which proposes that all life on earth has developed over the course of billions of years through the process of natural section and survival of the fittest.

Evidence in support of the statement can be seen in the decades of the rigorous scientific studies which have given further confirmation to Dawkins theories. Common ancestors have been found between human beings and our closest evolutionary cousins and we have made discoveries related to DNA which demonstrates that we are incredibly similar to the great apes. For example, Bonobos and Chimpanzees share roughly 97-98% of our DNA and share between them many of our characteristics such as group hierarchies and bonding. Richard Dawkins, the evolutionary biologist, would argue that this question is no longer up to debate. The theory of evolution is correct and the religious accounts for the origin of life are fantasy. 

In response, Fundamentalist Christians such as the Young Earth Creationist Ken Ham, would argue that the creation of Adam and Eve is the only acceptable model for how human life started. Creationism states that the Bible is the inerrant word of God and, as a result, cannot contain any faults. This means that evolution is a mistake which has misinterpreted the evidence. 

However, very few people subscribe to the literal reading of the Genesis creation account. Pope Francis of the Roman Catholic Church is quoted having shown full support for the Big Bang Theory and evolution; saying that God did not “wave a magic wand”. Instead the Pope claims that God is required for these processes to be possible in the first place. 

In conclusion, the scientific method has provided enough proof that to deny it would appear ill-informed. This though, does not have to deny the existence of God as stated by the Pope and therefore should be embraced as our best current understanding for the origin of human life.

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