Augustine believed that human nature was naturally inclined to sin, he claims that this is a trait that humans have inherited from Adam, ‘we are all seminally present in the loins of Adam’, and that our inclination to vice comes for original sin. Many people would disagree with this stating that, there are more good … Continue reading Assess Augustine’s view on love and its effect on human nature. (40 marks).
The 18th century, English philosopher William Paley is best known for the teleological a posteriori argument for how the world came to be what it is today. (Telos= end of purpose) He proposed that things in our world work to well to have happened by chance and subsequently their must have been a creator or … Continue reading “William Paley presents the most effective form of the design argument.” Assess the statement. (40 marks)
Dualism is the philosophical concept stating that the soul and the body are separate, and therefore after death the soul lives on. Plato (a 4th century ancient Greek philosopher) and René Descartes (a 16th century French Philosopher and mathematician) proposed the concept of an immortal soul (psyche), with Descartes in particular stating the distinction between … Continue reading ‘Evaluate the view that the thinking mind is separate from the body.’ (40 marks).
Colour code: Blue – Main argument Red – Argument against Orange- Critical analysis Purple – Scholars Situation ethics is the Christian ethic advanced by Joseph Fletcher which puts agape (unconditional) love as the teleological aim of moral decision-making. Fletcher proposed that Christianity could no longer depend upon the strict legalism established throughout Church history. Instead, … Continue reading Situation Ethics – “The rejection of absolute rules by situation ethics makes moral decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective.” (40 marks)
Colour code: Blue – Main argument Red – Argument against Orange- Critical analysis Purple – Scholars Conscience is elusive in its definition but at the core of most descriptions there is the notion of an inner sense of right, wrong and guilt. Throughout history there has been much debate concerning the origin of the conscience … Continue reading Conscience – “The conscience requires God.” Discuss. (40 marks)
Colour code: Blue - Main argument Red - Argument Against Orange- Critical analysis Purple - Scholars Philosophical argumentation aims to use reason as the basis of debate in an attempt to avoid fallacies such as an appeal to emotion or common opinion. When presenting a logical argument, there are two methods of obtaining knowledge used … Continue reading Arguments based on reason- A priori reasoning is more persuasive when providing arguments for God’s existence. Discuss (40 marks)
Religious experiences can be defined in many forms. A religious experience usually refers to experiences where you are in contact or receive information passed from God. Some experiences can be personal, or others non-personal such as the word of God through passages in the Bible. Near death, and conversion experiences are all forms of religious experiences … Continue reading Religious experience- Does religious experience provide a basis for belief in God or a greater power? (40 marks)